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Patient Education

Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) describe a variety of treatments that may be recommended to assist a woman in becoming pregnant. Assisted reproductive technologies are used to help fertilize ova (eggs) with sperm, to transplant a fertilized ovum into a women's womb, and to help people hoping to have children overcome infertility or other barriers.

Contraception, also known as birth control, is designed to prevent pregnancy. There is no “best” method of birth control. Each method has pros and cons. All women and men can have control over when, and if, they become parents. Making choices about birth control, or contraception, isn’t easy. There are many things to think about. To get started, learn about birth control methods you or your partner can use to prevent pregnancy and then talk to your doctor about these choices.

Endometriosis occurs when tissues that usually grow inside the uterus instead grow on the outside. These tissues often grow on the surfaces of organs in the pelvis or abdomen, where they are not supposed to grow. Treatment options include pain medications, hormonal therapy and/or surgery.

Headaches can range in frequency and severity of pain. Some individuals may experience headaches once or twice a year, while others may experience headaches more than 15 days a month. The level of pain caused by a headache can range from mild to disabling. Headaches can be so debilitating for some people, that they cannot go to work or attend school. Menstrual Migraines also called "hormone headaches", are a type of migraine headache that occur in response to changes in hormone levels during the menstrual cycle. Menstrual migraines affect 60% of women. Menstrual migraines may occur before, during or immediately after a woman's period, or during ovulation.

The HPV Vaccine is very effective in preventing infection with some types of human papilloma virus (HPV), the virus that causes genital warts and cervical cancer. Complete vaccination has the potential to reduce deaths from cervical cancer by as much as two-thirds. The HPV vaccines are proven to be effective only if given before an individual is infected with the HPV virus.

Incontinence, Urinary is very common in women due to the structure of the female urinary tract and anatomic changes that may occur following pregnancy and childbirth. Incontinence is more common in older women due to physical changes that are associated with aging, but it is not inevitable. Treatment options vary depending on the underlying cause and severity of symptoms.

Menopause refers to a natural stop in a woman’s menstrual period and fertility. Menopause happens because the woman's ovary stops producing the female hormones estrogen and progesterone. All women go through menopause, usually between the ages of 40 and 55. A woman has reached menopause when she has gone 12 months without having a period.

Menstrual Irregularities describes problems with a woman's menstrual cycle. The menstrual cycle is the natural changes that occur in a woman’s body as it gets ready for the chance of a pregnancy each month. Menstruation is the part of the menstrual cycle during which there is bleeding from the vagina. This stage is called the period or menstrual period. Menstrual irregularities include not getting periods, getting periods too frequently, having unpredictable menstrual bleeding, and having painful periods. When not caused by pregnancy, menstrual irregularities can be a sign of a larger condition or problem.

Osteoporosis is a bone disease that increases the risk of developing fractures (broken bones). It is relatively common among women over 65 years old. Fractures related to osteoporosis are most likely to occur in the bones of the hip, spine and wrist, but any bone can be affected. Osteoporosis can progress slowly without any symptoms until a bone breaks or one or more vertebrae (bones in the spine) collapse. Osteoporosis can be diagnosed with a bone mineral density. Several medications are available to help maintain strong bones and reduce the risk of developing a fracture.

Pregnancy. The primary sign of pregnancy is missing one or more consecutive menstrual periods. However, because many women experience menstrual irregularities that may cause missed periods, women who miss a period should see their health care provider to find out whether they are pregnant or whether there is another health problem. A pregnancy test is the best way to determine if you are pregnant.

Prenatal Care is important before and during pregnancy for both the mother and the developing baby. Prenatal care includes getting enough folic acid and iron in the diet, receiving necessary vaccinations and maintaing appropriate physical activity. Your health care provider will arrange for routine prenatal visits during your pregnancy to monitor the health of you and your baby.

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